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Tiny black bug is a White-Margined Burrowing Bug (Sehirus cinctus). That is a very large name for such a small bug.
White Margined Burrowing Bug
They measure up to 1/4 of an inch, and are glossy black, although some specimens may be dark reddish-brown, with a distinctive white border around the body. This is the only species within this genus in North America.
Look for them in woodlands, gardens, and yards. They are frequently found on weedy plants like henbit, and dead-nettle. In my own garden I find them on a wide variety of plants, but they seem especially fond of Lambs Ear. They feed on the seeds of plants in the mint family.
The adults will overwinter in leaf-litter on the ground and become active again when spring returns. After mating, the female will lay her eggs in a shallow depression that she will provision with the seeds from various plants in the mint family.Peanut, cotton, strawberry, pepper, spinach, and many other cultivated and wild plants can serve as hosts for burrower bugs.
White Margined Burrowing Bugs
Life Cycle : Burrower bugs are small black or brown insects that are extremely mobile. Their wings are partially hardened near the wing base and overlap at rest. The burrower bug has a small head that bears a pair of multisegmented antennae and needle-like mouthparts.
The tibia (long shaft of insect leg) has numerous spines. Research from South Carolina and Texas indicates two peaks in population: May to June and again in July to August. Light traps have been effectively used to detect and forecast field populations. Females oviposit near roots and pods by depositing single eggs in soil.
Damages:Burrower bugs have been controlled with conventional tillage practices and common use of soil insecticides; however, in conservation tillage systems, burrower bugs can become a sporadic pest that feeds on maturing peanut kernels late in the production season. Adults and nymphs have piercing-sucking mouthparts that are inserted into maturing kernels during feeding.
Peanut kernels develop light yellow to dark brown lesions as a result of this feeding; the damage is called pitting. Extensive feeding causes loss of kernel weight and decreases the number of sound kernels. Research indicates that 30 percent of kernel feeding is associated with a 1.2 percent increase in damaged kernels. Direct examination of pods is the most reliable method of sampling.
White Margined Burrowing Bugs
white-margined burrower bugs on early seedling cotton . The nymphs look like small robust stink bugs with black heads and thoraxes and bright red abdomens with black areas around the three upper scent glands and black-spotted abdominal margins. Although their high numbers look alarming, burrower bugs seldom cause economic damage to cotton, corn and soybean seedlings. Itâ€™s not unusual to see 5 to 10 or more of these small insects around a single plant.
If you ever have any bug related issues in New York City, feel free to call us either at Beyond Pest Control. Once again, and I canâ€™t stress this enough we are on call twenty four hours a day seven days a week to kill those bugs, we arenâ€™t kidding whether you call us at 9 am or midnight we will be available to take your call and either get rid of the bug infestation, or answer any questions you may have concerning the bug issue. I can honestly guarantee that there will be someone to answer that call. We make it our business to make you bug free!
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