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Bottle Flies These flies are similar in size to house flies,There are two types of bottle flies.Blue Bottle Flies and Green Bottle Flies. The body of the green-bottle fly, Phaenicia sericata, is primarily a coppery green with yellowish mouthparts. Lucilia cuprina is a medium sized fly and is mostly a bronze color. All blow flies have blunt mouthparts and do not bite
Blue Bottle Flies
Blue Bottle Flies are from the Blow Fly family. They are larger than house flies, growing about half an inch long. Their head and thorax are gray, the abdomen (large rear section) is bright metallic blue. They have red eyes and clear wings.
Blue Bottle Flies live just about anywhere, including woods, fields, parks, and farms. They seem to prefer shady places. Blue Bottle Flies often enter homes. This fly eats from dead animals or meat, living animals with open wounds, animal poop, or some other decaying matter.
The Green Bottle Flies is not as attracted to the smell of fresh meat as is the Blue Bottle Fly, and is less likely to enter homes. Green bottle flies are seen on dog feces. The flight range is 3 to 10 miles
Life Cycle :After mating, the female Blue Bottle Flies lays her eggs in the same place she feeds, usually in a dead animal. The eggs quickly hatch, and the young larvae, called maggots, eat immediately. The maggots are whitish with small black hooks to tear flesh with. Their saliva helps dissolve (melt) the flesh so they can eat it more easily.
Green Bottle Flies
After a week or so of feeding, the larvae crawl away to a dry place and burrow a little ways into soil. They then become pupae (resting stage). Pupae are tough brown coccoons.After two or three weeks, adult Blue Bottle Flies come out of the pupae.
Blue Bottle Flies breed often during the warm months. Both larvae and pupae can live through the winter, but adults die when it gets too cold. Blue Bottle Flies sometimes lay eggs in the wound of a living animal. The larvae, when they hatch, eat from the host animal. This is called “myiasis” and can cause infections in the animal
Management :Sanitation is the most effective and important step in controlling flies. All outside trash areas must be kept clean. Garbage should be drained and wrapped in plastic bags before being placed in trash receptacles or dumpsters outdoors. By placing garbage in bags, odors will be reduced, therefore attracting fewer egg-laying flies. (Reduce attractive odors by routinely scraping out and thoroughly cleaning food residues from garbage containers.
Bottle fly-pollinating Flower
Control : Sanitation is still the best method of controlling filth flies in and around the home and on the farm. Flies seek breeding places where garbage, animal droppings, or vegetation residues accumulate. Locate and thoroughly clean such places. Dry, spread or somehow dispose of dog, cat, or other animal excrement. Do not let garbage accumulate in the open and make sure garbage cans have sound bottoms and tight fitting lids.
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